TEHRAN, February 10 (MNA) – In the Islamic Republic of Iran, political parties play a significant role in elections.
There are different political Parties that are divided in four major groups: Principalists, Reformists, Moderates and Minorities groups.
Party, is a constituted political group that contests elections and attempts to form or take part in a government.
Different political parties in a voting system represent different groups in a society with different ideas, affiliations, approaches and beliefs, and are manifestation of democracy.
Parties in a democratic system should contribute to more unity and cohesion in the society by adhering to principles; They play a significant part in preserving identity, recognizing internal and external problems, threats and harms and resolving them.
In today’s world, parties are representation of governments and their alternatives, which train forces for fields such as the country's political affairs.
They offer their forces to be decided by the people's votes.
Different groups enter the election campaign and play a role in deciding the country's fate with their votes.
According to political analysts, parties play an undeniable role in maximum participation of people in elections, because they represent individuals try to direct people to make their choices with knowledge; All those cases could be seen in the elections and political antagonism the Islamic Republic of Iran.
The Article 10 of the Constitution Commission of the Elections addresses the issue of the political parties.
The commission operates based on the Law on the Activities of Political Parties, Communities and Associations, Trade Unions and Islamic Associations or Recognized Religious Minorities, which was approved by the Parliament in 1980.
The commission is in charge of issuing licenses to applicants for the establishment of a party, group, or association; This law has 19 articles, 9 appendices and 18 paragraphs.
The names of parties from different ends of political spectrum which operate at both provincial and national levels which have been officially approved by the Article 10 of the Party Commission of the Ministry of Interior until April 2021, are as follows: Principalists: Combatant Clergy Association led by Mostafa Pour Mohammadi Qom Seminary Teachers Community led by Mohammad Yazdi Islamic Coalition Party led by Asadollah Badamchian The Society of Devotees of the Islamic Revolution led by Mohammad Javad Ameri Shahrabi The Society of Pathseekers of the Islamic Revolution led by Behzad Zare The Front of Islamic Revolution Stability led by Moteza Aghatehrani Islamic Society of Engineers led by Mohammadreza Bahonar Islamic Association of Physicians of Iran led by Mohammadali Shahriari Zeynab Society led by Azam Haji Abbassi Fada'iyan-e Islam led by Mohammad Mahdi Abd Khodaei Islamic Civilization Party; its leader is still unknown Association of Islamic Revolution Loyalists led by Habibullah Borbor Modern Thinkers Party of Islamic Iran led by Amir Mohebbian Association of University Teachers of Islamic Iran led by Seyyed Mohammad Hosseini Development and Justice Party of Islamic Iran or Islamic Iran Development and Justice Party led by Mahdi Vakilpour The Green Party led by Hossein Kan’ani Moghaddam Progress and Justice Population of Islamic Iran led by Mohsen Pirhadi Reformists: Association of Combatant Clerics led by Mohammad Mousavi Khoeiniha National Trust Party led by Mehdi Karroubi Jomhouriat Party of Islamic Iran led by Rasoul Montajebnia The Islamic Labor Party led by Hossein Kamali Islamic Iran Freedom and Justice Organization led by Amir Taheri 'Voice of Iranians', Hezb-e Nuday-e 'Iranian) led by Sadegh Kharrazi Union of Islamic Iran People Party led by Ali Shakouri-Rad Assembly of Qom Seminary Scholars and Researchers led by Seyyed Hossein Mousavi Tabrizi Islamic Association of Iranian Medical Society led by Mohammadreza Zafar Ghandi Assembly of the Forces of Imam's Line led by Hadi Khamenei Islamic Iran Solidarity Party led by Ali Asghar Ahmadi Democracy Party led by Mostafa Kavakebian Will of the Iranian Nation Party led by Ahmad Hakimipour Association of the Women of the Islamic Republic led by Zahra Mostafavi Islamic Assembly of Ladies led by Fatemeh Karroubi Worker House led by Alireza Mahjoub Moderates: Executives of Construction Party led by Gholamhossein Karbaschi Moderation and Development Party led by Mohammad Bagheri Nobakht Independent and Moderation Party of Iran led by Ghodratali Heshmatiyan Islamic party of workers' welfare led by Hassan farahi Minorities parties: Da'wa and Islah Jama'at (Party of Call and Reform) led by Abdol Rahman Pirani United Kurdish Front led by Rahim Farahmand.
There are reserved parliamentary seats granted to the recognized religious minorities regardless of the constituencies and the size of their population.
According to Article 64 of the Constitution, five of the total number of parliamentarians are reserved for religious minorities: two seats for Armenians and one for each other minority: Assyrians, Jews and Zoroastrians.